Urban Texture
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People and Places

Places are not only made by human beings, but also they are changed and transformed through daily life practices. However, on the other hand values, meaning and institutionalized usage styles infiltrated in those places shape people living within those institutionalized usage style. 1950s corresponded to years of radical amendments in Istanbul. Locational structure ad ethnic and cultural diversity of the city showing continuation for thousands of years in Istanbul determined by the Golden Horn, green lands of Bosphorus, the historical peninsula and Galata silhouette has changed slowly in 1950s and dramatically in 1970s. Towards the end of 1990s, Istanbul has turned into an unplanned and giant metropolis.

The locational settlement area of Istanbul of 1950s with a population of around 1 million 200 thousand was almost at the margins of the population at the beginning of 19th century. It was a city without skyscrapers, bridges, wide highways and the problem of traffic. The population of Istanbul being 1.882.092 in 1960 mounted up to 3.019.032 in 1970 and  4.741.890 in 1980 and 7.309.190 in 1990. Towards the end of 1990s, it exceeded 11 million. The population increased by the inner migration from rural areas signals an immense change in the settlement area and borders, outlook, topography, lifestyles and political behavior models, consumption and production styles in social structure.

Source: Istanbul Encyclopedia   

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